What Is The Definition Of A Hub Airport?


A hub airport is a facility used by an airline to handle the flow of passengers and the operations of a given airport. It serves as a stop-over point for passengers traveling between various cities.

A point-to-point model typically has no stopovers and only nonstop flights. Instead, airlines use an intermediate connection to allow passengers to travel between various cities.

A hub airport is also known as an airport that serves as a transfer point for passengers. It’s built around an airport that serves as the hub for all of its traffic.

The term hub comes from the shape of a wheel, which is the center of a hub. Through a hub-and-spoke system, airlines can serve more cities by reducing their flights.

Aside from hub airports, airlines also sometimes expand their operations by establishing focus cities. These are typically smaller airports that serve a limited number of routes.

Are There Any Cities Or Airports That Serve As Airline Hubs?

Most people know that hub airports are where you’ll typically have a layover. However, many people who live in smaller markets like Tucson or Eugene will also need to fly to a hub airport to get to their final destination.

Some Of The Major Hub Airports In The USA

  • Southwest Airlines flies to Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI).
  • Delta Air Lines and JetBlue Airways fly into Boston Logan International Airport (BOS).
  • American Airlines flies to Charlotte Douglas International Airport (CLT).
  • American Airlines and United Airlines fly into Chicago-O’Hare International Airport (ORD).
  • Southwest Airlines flies to Chicago Midway International Airport (MDW).
  • American Airlines flies to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW).
  • Southwest Airlines flies to Dallas Love Field (DAL).
  • Frontier Airlines, United Airlines, and Southwest Airlines fly out of Denver International Airport (DEN).
  • Delta Air Lines flies into Detroit Metropolitan Airport (DTW).
  • Delta Air Lines and Southwest Airlines fly out of Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL).
  • United Airlines flies to Houston-Intercontinental Airport (IAH).
  • Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Southwest Airlines, and United Airlines all fly out of Los Angeles International Airport (LAX).
  • Southwest Airlines flies to McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas (LAS).
  • American Airlines flies into Miami International Airport (MIA).
  • Delta Air Lines flies into Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport (MSP).
  • United Airlines flies to Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR).
  • American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and JetBlue Airways serve New York-JFK International Airport (JFK).
  • American Airlines and Delta Air Lines fly into New York-LaGuardia International Airport (LGA).
  • Southwest Airlines flies into Oakland International Airport (OAK).
  • Southwest Airlines flies into Orlando International Airport (MCO).
  • American Airlines and Southwest Airlines fly into Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX).
  • American Airlines flies to Philadelphia International Airport (PHL).
  • Alaska Airlines flies into Portland International Airport (PDX).
  • Delta Air Lines flies into Salt Lake City International Airport (SLC).
  • Alaska Airlines and United Airlines fly out of San Francisco International Airport (SFO).
  • Alaska Airlines and Delta Air Lines fly into Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SEA).
  • Alaska Airlines flies to Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport (ANC).
  • United Airlines flies to Washington-Dulles International Airport (IAD).
  • American Airlines flies into Washington-Reagan International Airport (DCA).
  • Southwest Airlines flies out of Houston’s William P. Hobby Airport (HOU).

Some Of The Major Hub Airports In Europe

  • Iberia, Ryanair, and Easyjet fly from Madrid-Barajas Airport (MAD).
  • KLM flies to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (AMS).
  • Iberia, Vueling, and Ryanair fly from Barcelona El Prat Airport (BCN).
  • Aer Lingus and Ryanair fly from Dublin Airport (DUB).
  • Lufthansa flies from Frankfurt Airport (FRA).
  • Turkish Airlines flies to Istanbul Airport (IST).
  • Alitalia, Vueling, Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport (FCO)
  • Aer Lingus, British Airways, and Virgin Atlantic Airways fly from London-Gatwick Airport (LGW).
  • British Airways and Virgin Atlantic Airways fly to London-Heathrow Airport (LHR).
  • Aeroflot flies into Moscow-Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO).
  • Lufthansa flies from Munich Airport (MUC).
  • Air France flies to and from Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG).
  • Iberia, Ryanair, and Easyjet fly from Madrid-Barajas Airport (MAD).
  • KLM flies to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (AMS).
  • Iberia, Vueling, and Ryanair fly from Barcelona El Prat Airport (BCN).
  • Aer Lingus and Ryanair fly from Dublin Airport (DUB).
  • Lufthansa flies from Frankfurt Airport (FRA).
  • Turkish Airlines flies to Istanbul Airport (IST).
  • Alitalia, Vueling, Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport (FCO)
  • Aer Lingus, British Airways, and Virgin Atlantic Airways fly from London-Gatwick Airport (LGW).
  • British Airways and Virgin Atlantic Airways fly to London-Heathrow Airport (LHR).
  • Aeroflot flies into Moscow-Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO).
  • Lufthansa flies from Munich Airport (MUC).
  • Air France flies to and from Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG).

The Major Hub Airports In Asia

  • Etihad Airways flies into Abu Dhabi International Airport (AUH).
  • Thai Airways flies to Bangkok-Suvarnabhumni Airport (BKK).
  • Air China, China Eastern Airlines, and China Southern Airlines all have flights to Beijing Capital International Airport (PEK).
  • Air India flies to Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport (BOM).
  • Emirates operates Dubai International Airport (DXB).
  • Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong Airlines, and HK Express all fly into Hong Kong International Airport (HKG).
  • Air India flies into Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL).
  • Garuda Indonesia, Indonesia AirAsia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia, Ga
  • Air Asia and Malaysia Airlines fly into Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KUL).
  • Asiana Airlines and Korean Air fly into Seoul-Incheon International Airport (ICN).
  • China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines fly to Shanghai-Hongqiao International Airport (SHA).
  • Air China, China Eastern Airlines, and Shanghai Airlines are among the airlines that fly into Shanghai-Pudong International Airport (PVG).
  • Singapore Airlines (SIN) flies to Singapore Changi Airport (SIN).
  • All Nippon Airways and Japan Airlines fly into Tokyo-Haneda Airport (HND).
  • All Nippon Airways and Japan Airlines fly into Tokyo-Narita International Airport (NRT).

 The Major Hub Airports In South America

  • Avianca, Copa Airlines Colombia, and LAN Colombia fly from Bogotá-El Dorado International Airport (BOG).
  • Avianca Brazil, TAM, and Gol Airlines fly from Brasilia International Airport (BSB).
  • Aerolneas Argentinas, LATAM Argentina, Aerolneas Argentinas, Aerolneas Argentinas, Aerolneas Argentinas, Aerolneas Argentinas, Aerolneas Argentinas, Aerolneas
  • LATAM Peru is based at Lima-Jorge Chávez International Airport (LIM).
  • Gol Airlines flies to and from Rio de Janeiro-Galeo International Airport (GIG).
  • LATAM Airlines flies to Santiago-Comodoro Arturo Merino Bentez International Airport (SCL).
  • LATAM, Avianca Brazil, and Gol Airlines fly from So Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport (GRU).

The Major Hub Airports In Africa

  • Ethiopian Airlines flies to Addis Ababa-Bole International Airport (ADD).
  • Air Algérie flies to Algiers-Houari Boumediene Airport (ALG).
  • Air Cairo, Egypt Air, Cairo International Airport (CAI):
  • South African Express, Mango, South African Express, Mango, South African Express, South African Express, South African Express, South African Express, South African Express, South African Express
  • Air Arabia, Royal Air Maroc, and others fly into Casablanca-Mohammed V International Airport (CMN).
  • South African Airways, Comair, Kulula, and Mango fly from Johannesburg-O.R. Tambo International Airport (JNB).
  • Kenya Airways flies to Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (NBO).

The Major Hub Airports In Australia And New Zealand

  • Qantas, Virgin Australia, and Jetstar Airways fly from Sydney Airport (SYD).
  • Qantas, Virgin Australia, and Jetstar Airways fly from Melbourne Airport (MEL).
  • Qantas, Virgin Australia, and Jetstar Airways fly from Brisbane Airport (BNE).
  • Air New Zealand and Virgin Australia fly into Auckland Airport (AKL).

Hub Airport Types

The airports in the US are categorized into different types based on their capacity. These include American model airports, which are commonly used for connecting long-distance flights to medium-distance ones.

The European hub type refers to airports that are used for connecting long-distance flights with medium-distance ones. For instance, if you want to travel from Mardin to Delhi, you can go to Istanbul and then transfer to Delhi.

Long-Haul Transfer Hub Airports:

These airports mainly serve long-haul destinations. Due to the complexity of their operations, they require a lot of additional handling time to handle.

Since the majority of the traffic at these airports comes from the home carrier, the airport is more dependent on that carrier. This leads to the over-use of the airport’s infrastructure during peak times.

Mature Hub Airports:

These airports have a maximum of six waves per day and a steady use of infrastructure. They serve both long and short-haul destinations equally.

A focus city is also a type of secondary hub that’s used in the same manner as a hub airport. It can be used for various purposes, such as providing cheaper travel options.

A secondary hub is also utilized when the primary hub’s capacity exceeds its capabilities. It can also help expand the reach of the carrier.

Hub Airports With De-Peaking Strategy:

One airline dominates the traffic in a hub-and-spoke system. This system allows the airlines to operate with a larger number of waves, which leads to a steady traffic load.

The goal is to reduce the congestion at the airports by shifting flights to less-congested times. This strategy only works if the traffic is high and the waves are close enough.

Dallas-Fort Worth is a hub that serves various international and domestic destinations. De-peaking is also seen as a strategy to minimize the inconvenience caused by delays.

Conclusion

A hub is an airport’s name, and it refers to an airline’s operations. It’s also about the style of the facility’s operations. A hub airport is typically an airline’s hub that connects its passengers to other flights. This is similar to the concept of a full-service carrier.

For international airlines, this often includes a single airport for certain countries. For instance, Air Canada has hubs in Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver, while United Airlines has hubs in Newark and Houston.

As an airline’s hub airport, it serves as a base for its operations, as its planes and crew members are based out of the facility. It also has facilities that can be used for maintenance.

A hub is also a part of an integrated system that allows communication to pass through a central point. This eliminates the need for multiple routes, which means that an airline can maintain a smaller fleet.

James Newman

James Newman is an air travel fanatic. From the fear of flying, TSA regulations, and saving money on flights & airlines, James has extensive knowledge when it comes to air travel. He hopes to make your air travel experience a better one with his blog flyingcomfortably.com.

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